The easiest way is to hover your mouse cursor over a link that refers to the item in question. In the link that apppears in the bottom of the browser, look for the part that says &id= and note the number after it.
For instance, in the first screenshot, I hover over the "View" link to see that the contribution's ID is 45:
In this example, the custom ...
This is a really broad question, and without some guidance as to what you consider a "professional CRM applications" looks like it is tricky one to answer.
That said, with Drupal we often built out a UI via Views and Webforms that can keep all the but the hardcore admins out of civicrm entirely - depending of course on what the extent of their requirements ...
I use a WP Redirect After Login Plugin. It is in the WP Plugin Library. https://wordpress.org/plugins/redirect-after-login/
I just change the Subscriber Role (or whatever Role your Members are defaulted to) to go to the dashboard url.
I have not had any conflicts with my theme or Civi with this Plugin. As of 10/19/2016
With a lot of organizations I've worked with, the folks who want spreadsheets are often less comfortable with computers - but are often quite comfortable with a phone or even an iPad.
It feels counterintuitive to me to get "real" work done on a tablet - but for many folks, this is a killer feature. In many situations, CiviCRM can help make a lot of field ...
I don't think such setting exists, although, you can set the timeout for the Dashboard cache navigating to Administer - System settings - Misc and set the the Dashboard cache timeout to the value desired in minutes, setting it to 1 minute for example it will refresh the Dashboard data every minute.
I guess the other option would be to create an extension ...
Haven't explored this but my first thought is that conditional fields might be an option in webforms.
Based on whether the user checks this box or that box additional fields could appear. I think webform even supports doing multi-page forms and might be able to add those using this method.
I agree with Pete - try to be as specific as possible and indicate which easily available information (e.g. on the CiviCRM handbook) you have already found & considered.
That being said, CiviCRM's appearance/look & feel can be changed by using another drupal theme. You could use one that you like (we have been using boostrap as well as the AT ...
I've tried and failed to reproduce your experience, I suspect it's specific to your "theme".
Here are a couple of other strategies:
Use an administrator theme for the CiviCRM administrative pages.
Shrink your content using the browser zoom (e.g. for chrome, "Ctrl -").
Unfortunately, there is no setting for this. You would indeed need to create an extension that pre-fills the field in teh way you need it. If you have not done so yet, you may have a look at the CiviCRM Developer Guide and/or get in contact with other developers: https://chat.civicrm.org/civicrm/channels/dev-newcomers
I'm afraid the answer is "no you can't configure that to allow HTML tags". If you need lots of Help text put most of that into the 'Body' on the Event Info and/or Event Register and/or Contribution pages - keeping the help text nice and short.